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A GUIDE TO FLOORS AND FOUNDATIONS

 

Building foundations

Image Source: bgallagherconstruction.co.uk/foundations.php

The correct foundation is essential to a building’s structure and it is either piled or standard trench fill foundations.  With a trench fill foundation, it is generally between 600mm – 1200mm deep, filled with concrete, and the brick/block walls are built off this. With piling, the depth and number of piles depends on the ground conditions.

Most houses will have strip foundations while taller buildings, such as a block of flats or office buildings, will have deep piled foundations.

 

 

Floors (solid and suspended flooring)

Beam and Block

Image Source: cbsprecastconcrete.co.uk

 

 

Floors in commercial and residential property are either suspended or solid floors.

A suspended floor is usually concrete block and beam, but can be of timber construction in older properties.  It is vital to have a void under a floor for ventilation purposes.

A solid floor consists of solid reinforced concrete on a sub base, which can bear more weight than a suspended floor.  This is typically used in a warehouse or garage building.

 

 

 

 

 

Suspended Floor

Image Source: concretewalling.co.uk

Solid Floor

Image Source: solidconcretesolutions.com/residential/house-floor-pour/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You may also be interested in reading our Guide to Roof Windows.

For further information please contact Ed or Kelly on tel: 01284 365345 or email ed@granitebw.co.uk / kelly@granitebw.co.uk.

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